In this 1677 painting by Abraham Hondius, “The Frozen Thames, looking Eastwards towards Old London Bridge,” people are shown enjoying themselves on the ice. In the 17th century there was a prolonged reduction in solar activity called the Maunder minimum, which lasted roughly from 1645 to 1700. During this period, there were only about 50 sunspots recorded instead of the usual 40-50 thousand. Image credit: Museum of London.
Now, confirmation of this claim comes from another source. Professor Valentina Zharkova from the University of Northumbria also says a Mini Ice Age ‘is upon us’. She claims that her findings come from a computer model of sunspots that has made “unprecedentedly accurate predictions,” and that her Solar Cycle model that is up to 97% accurate. This accuracy rate was proven when mapping the past movements of Sunspots, using data of solar cycles from 1976 to 2008, and has some alarming predictions for Earth’s future: A mini Ice Age that could strike our planet as soon as 2030.
It’s not a secret that life on Earth is very dependent on how the Sun functions, which is why it is extremely important to study our star. There are some things that mankind can do little about. It’s not climate change, but our Sun’s activity which plays a crucial role in everything around us. Ms Zharkova is a maths professor and her mathematical model has shown that the Sun could ‘calm down’ in the coming years creating major events on Earth.
Her model is producing unprecedentedly accurate predictions of irregularities within the Sun’s 11-year heartbeat. It draws on dynamo effects in two layers of the Sun, one close to the surface and one deep within its convection zone. Predictions from the model suggest that solar activity will fall by 60 percent during the 2030s to conditions last seen during the ‘mini ice age’ that began in 1645. In order to come to these conclusions, she mapped the movement of solar fluid in roughly 11-year cycles, which correspond to weather cycles on Earth. In Cycle 25—around the year 2022— a pair of waves will migrate from the Northern and Southern hemispheres of the Sun, getting out of sync and reducing solar actively.
“In cycle 26, the two waves exactly mirror each other – peaking at the same time but in opposite hemispheres of the Sun. Their interaction will be disruptive, or they will nearly cancel each other. We predict that this will lead to the properties of a ‘Maunder Minimum’,” said Zharkova.[i] The Maunder Minimum was a period that lasted from around 1645 to 1715, when the Sun barely produced any sunspots resulting in a mini ice age on Earth. During that 70-year period, parts of Northern Europe and the United States were conquered by uncharacteristically cold winters. The river Thames, flowing through London, froze for a seven-week period and could not only be crossed by foot, but hosted games of ice-skating.
[i] Source: http://www.ancient-code.com/according-to-a-math-professors-solar-cycle-model-an-ice-age-is-near/