For the new study, the scientists had to build a solar model that could stretch across multiple regions of the Sun, capturing the complex and unique physical behaviour of each one.
The resulting model begins in the upper part of the convection zone — about 10,000 km below the Sun's surface — rises through the solar surface, and pushes out 40,000 km into the solar atmosphere, known as the Corona. The differences in gas density, pressure, and other characteristics of the Sun represented across the model are vast.
Scientists say that the next step is to directly input observed data into the model and let it drive what's happening in order to better understand what it is being observed on the Sun.
Featured image: The violet colour represents plasma with temperature less than 1 million Kelvin. Red represents temperatures between 1 million and 10 million Kelvin, and green represents temperatures above 10 million Kelvin.
Credit: Mark Cheung, Lockheed Martin, and Matthias Rempel, NCAR
Source: The above has been detailed in the journal Nature Astronomy, as reported in:
The Watchers: https://watchers.news/2019/01/21/comprehensive-simulation-of-a-solar-flare/